Thursday, January 05, 2006

Bromo Adventure

A challenging mountain trek, to attempt the peak of Mount Semeru at 3,676 m above sea level, an active volcano which is the highest in Java. During the trekking, we pass over the beautiful high altitude volcanic lakes, tropical rain forest, the grass land and the sub-alpine forest.

Explore the natural phenomena of Mount Bromo in Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park. Walking up the peak of Pananjakan to enjoy the natural beauties such as the spectacular sunrise over Mount Bromo. We leave the hotel in the very early morning and arriving at the crater rim in the dark and looking down at the luminous glow of the sulphur, then sitting on the narrow ledge watching the sun come up is a classic experience, but this area also has a lot more to offer: Enjoy The world's best mountain scenery, explore the spectacular Sea of Sand on a horseback or by foot, that fills the caldera of Tengger mountains.

Meet the local Tengger people, wrapped in cloaks riding around on their high stepping ponies. This area is holy to the local Tenggerese who are the only remaining Hindus in Java and thought to be the remnants of the once powerful Majapahit empire. The dawn pilgrimage to the summit is an ancient tradition.


Geographically, much of East Java Province is flatter than the rest of Java. In the north-west is lowland, with deltas along Brantas and Bengawan Solo Rivers and km upon km of rice-growing plants. But the rest of East Java is mountainous and hilly, containing the huge Bromo-Tengger Massif and Java’s highest mountain, Gunung Semeru (3,676 M). This region offers a raw, natural beauty and magnificent scenery.


Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park, before declared as a National Park mountainous highland of Bromo Tengger Semeru is a forest area with many functions like Strict Nature Reserve Recreation Forest, Protection Forest and Production Forest. Declaration of Bromo Tengger Semeru area as a National Park is based on some considerations i. e: rare and endemic flora habitat of migrant wildlife, unique ecosystem, active volcano, scenery of nature cultural and traditional lives of local people as a catchment area for water resources around the area etc.

The Area of Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park covers 50,273.30 hectares of mountainous highland and vertily valley between 1,000 - 3,676 M above sea level. The area is dominated by mountainous trees are also 4 lakes inside namely: Ranu Pani (4 Ha), Ranu Regulo (0.75 Ha), Ranu Kumbolo (14 Ha) and Ranu Darungan (0.50 Ha). Geografically the area lies between 7'54'' - 8'13'' South Latitude and 112'51'' - 113'4'' East Longitude on the globe.

The vegetation of the park area consists of four main vegetation types: Highland Forest, Alvin Forest, Casuarina Forest and Grassland. It is predicted about 600 species of flora in the park. The common species are: Casuarina junghuhniana, Vaccinium varingaefolium, Albitzia lomphata, Acasia decurens, Anaphalis javanica.

At the southern part of Mt. Semeru there are about 157 species of orchids. And also endemic species in the park. Little information about wildlife in Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park is recorded. They're only about 16 species of Mammals and 70 species of Birds. The Mammals are: Wild Pig, Timor Deer, Barking Deer, Panther, Silver Leaf Monkey, Common Porcupine etc. The common birds are : Hornbill, Banded Pitta, Crested Spent Eagle, and Australian Grey Duck at Ranu Pani and Ranu Kumbolo.

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